Importance Of A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is where the tests for the clinical specimen will be taking place in order to get the important details that will help on the diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures for a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
Laboratory medicine is usually divided into two departments and each of the department will be divided into a number of units. These two departments are listed below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.
Clinical pathology that contains the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of the blood cells are the units that are under this section. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
You can find a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipment for urinalysis and hermatology in this website.
Microbiology will receive almost any kind of clinical specimen like feces, blood, swabs, sputum, snynovial fluid, possible infected tissues, urine and cerebrospinal fluid. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
Different class of medical laboratories
There are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens in a lot of countries. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. Private laboratories will analyze the samples from insurance companies, clinical research sites, health clinics, and general practitioners. Read more here about medical laboratories in different websites in the internet.